Winter might be best known for holidays and fun-filled activities, but it is also known for being cold and flu season. Spreadable viruses are active all year, but some say we may be weaker in the winter because we spend more time together indoors, and the viruses can spread easily from person to person.  The best way to protect ourselves from them is to make sure we follow proper hygiene, such as washing your hands commonly and covering our mouths and noses when we cough and sneeze. The more you know about winter illnesses, the better you can protect yourself and family members from them.

Here’s a list of winter-specific diseases/illnesses and ways to protect you and your family.

Cold and Fever

One of the most common illnesses related to winter is cold or fever. While these can affect the people of all ages and at any time, winter is awful due to a sudden drop in the temperature. Symptoms include weakness and pain in the body, continuous sneezes, headache as well as lack of taste. Home solution includes washing hands regularly to kill cold and fever causing germs that the children might have picked up from touching surfaces like door handles, ground, sports equipment, and even phones. Do not give children banana and curds. Give them fruits rich in Vitamin-C. If fever persists for more than three days, consult your family physician.

Sore Throat

One of the most common viral infections in children during winter is a sore throat. Symptoms include difficulty in eating, swallowing, and talking. Home solution includes gargling with salt with warm water four-five times a day.


Winter season is a major cause of asthma and related symptoms like coughing. Although it’s difficult to exactly pinpoint what causes asthma in winters, allergens, especially pollens present in the air can trigger shortness of breath in children with a previous history of the disease. Symptoms include difficulty in breathing. Home solution includes wearing of the scarf over nose and mouth, using the air purifier at home, staying indoors, and keeping inhalers accessible.


Caused by air-borne bacteria and viruses, and most common during winters, tonsillitis, also commonly called as tonsils in India, is the inflammation or swelling of the tissues of the tonsils at the back of the throat. Symptoms include swelling, difficulty in swallowing and eating, sore throat, and irritation. Gargling with warm water mixed with salt is one sure shot method to reduce the pain. Don’t eat any cold items like ice cream and others.

Ear Infection

Ear infection is an extension of cold and can also be caused by water retention in the ear. It can cause severe pain in children. It can occur overnight without any warning signs. Symptoms include ear pain, swelling, pus formation and difficulty in hearing. Basic Precaution includes draining the water from the ear after shower or swimming.

Also commonly known as influenza, it’s one of the most common infections to everyone in winters. It’s a highly spreadable viral infection that affects the breathing tract. Symptoms include fever, body pain, headache, sleepiness, and cough. Helpful measures include getting annual flu vaccination and showing to a doctor if any of the above symptoms are detected.

Just follow these steps and you can prevent your Family from falling sick:


  1. Avoid contact with people that are already unwell
  2. Teach your child hand hygiene. Teach them to use tissue paper when they are coughing or sneezing. If tissue paper is not available, tell them cough or sneeze in the area where the elbow bends. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer to disinfect palms and the back of the hand.
  3. All cold medications contain paracetamol in some forms, so do not use both cough medications and paracetamol separately. Take paracetamol only to reduce pain, headache, and fever.
  4. Do not self medicate. Go to your Family Doctor.
  5. Stay home, and take rest.
  6. Everyone 6 months and older should get a flu vaccine every year before flu activity begins in winter Time. Consult your physician for the same.


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Written By : Dr. Apurva Vyas

Weight gain may be seen in people taking medicines for diabetes. However, keeping your weight in check is not only possible but an important part of your diabetes care.

What Is the Effect of Diabetes Medicines on Weight?

The medicines (oral diabetes pills and insulin), that you take for your diabetes, lower blood glucose levels by ushering glucose from the blood into the cells. This is good. But if you take in more calories than you can burn, your cells will end up getting more glucose than they need. The excess glucose gets stored as fat leading to weight gain.

Insulin plays a role in regulating blood sugar levels and converting food energy into fat. It also helps break down fats and proteins.

During digestion, insulin stimulates muscle, fat, and liver cells to absorb glucose. The cells either use this glucose for energy or convert it into fat for long-term storage.

Eating more calories than the body needs will lead to excess glucose levels. If the cells do not remove glucose from the blood, the body will store it in the tissues as fat.

When a person takes insulin as a therapy for diabetes, their body may absorb too much glucose from food, resulting in weight gain.

Why Is Weight Loss Important for Diabetes?

It’s different to what many believe, you don’t have to lose a lot of weight and look thin in order to enjoy the benefits of weight loss.

As per the expert doctor’s advice and studies have shown that some amounts of weight loss in overweight and obese people with diabetes improve blood glucose control, and lower the risk of developing heart disease and stroke.

Additional benefits of ordinary weight loss include being less reliant on medicines for blood glucose control, as well as improved quality of life and physical working.

How Much Weight Should I Lose?

Ideally, lose 5% to 10% of your current body weight. It is better to set small realistic weight loss goals that you can achieve than high ones. Even if you are not trying to lose weight, making an effort to eat less and eat more healthily can have long-term beneficial health effects

Below is a list of ideas to lose weight and maintain weight loss. Take the advice from your healthcare and ask for guidance on what works best for you.

  • Plan your meal to have the right mix of carbohydrates (brown rice, wholemeal bread, and noodles), fruit and vegetables, meat and others (fish, tofu, beans and nuts, milk and dairy products), and healthy fats and oils.
  • Choose carbohydrates that contain plenty of nutrients (vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals) and raise blood glucose slowly or a little.
  • Don’t skip meals to cut calories. In fact, you are more likely to make poor food choices at the next meal because you are too hungry. Furthermore, skipping meals can cause a mess to your blood glucose levels if you don’t adjust your insulin dose. Instead, drink a glass of water before a meal and chew your food slowly.
  • Be physically active. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity and resistance exercise two to three times per week. Most people with diabetes can perform the exercise safely as long as they take precautions. Talk with your doctor about activities and exercises that are suitable for you.
  • Ask your doctor about other diabetic medicines. Check with your doctor whether there are diabetes medicines that can promote weight loss and enable you to reduce your insulin dose without affecting your diabetes treatment plan.
  • Take your medicines as per the doctor’s advice. Don’t skip or reduce medicines to avoid weight gain. Although you may lose some weight, the consequences of taking fewer medications than prescribed are serious. Without enough medicines, your blood glucose level will rise, and so will your risk of diabetes complications.

You have also a good option for Weight loss surgery or Obesity surgery for Diabetes. In Ahmedabad, Radiance Hospital is one of the best for the Metabolic and Bariatric (Obesity) Surgery

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Written By : Dr. Apurva Vyas

After living with painful knees for far too long then you take initiative to go to an orthopedic specialist and figure out better options to put a stop to your knee pain.

As a part of practice, surgery is the next treatment option recommended by orthopedist Doctor

If you’re going under Joint replacement, it’s understandable to experience some concern about the process. But knowledge is power, and the more you know, the more you can take control of your healing. Here are some helpful do’s and don’ts post-Joint replacement surgery.

Get moving: Do your suggested exercises

The first 12 weeks after surgery require some hard work including knee exercises that present with some anxiety. Have you remember the saying, “If you want to be able to do, you’ve got to keep doing?” That’s the saying to keep in mind after a Joint replacement.

Do uplift your leg and use ice

Some swelling is normal for three months or more following Joint replacement surgery. Keep your leg uplift, and use an ice pack as directed to help control the swelling.

Do follow your physiotherapist’s instructions

You can expect to start moving by the end of the first day following surgery. You can start working with a physiotherapist who helps you stand and walk using a walker within the first 24 hours, explaining how you should exercise to get in and out of bed and a chair.

Working with your physiotherapist, you should meet these goals by the time you’re ready to go home from the hospital:

  •  Bend your knee properly well, to a minimum 90-degree angle, so you can go from a sitting to a standing position
  • Dress and bathe yourself
  • Use a walker or cane as prescribed
  • Get in and out of bed and to the bathroom using a walker or cane
  • Go up and down some stairs using an assistive device

At home, do the exercises prescribed by your physiotherapist every day. By the end of the third week, you may be able to transition to using a cane if you haven’t done so already.

Do your exercises for several months. Full recovery takes anywhere from three to six months and up to a year. If you’re diligent in doing your exercises and in using your knee (but not overdoing it), you can enjoy a faster and fuller recovery.

Don’ts following Joint or Hip replacement surgery

Taking necessary precautions after major surgery help you out ensure a good recovery. Following are some things you should avoid after undergoing Joint replacement surgery.

While in the hospital, don’t try to get out of bed by yourself. Ask for help, and take the time to properly learn how to use a walker or cane.

When at home:

  • Don’t skip any of your exercises
  • Don’t step on slippery floors without non-skid socks or shoes
  • Don’t sit on soft sofas or chairs that you sink down into
  • Don’t forget to use your walker or cane as prescribed
  • Don’t get up at night without a nightlight on
  • Don’t start driving until your doctor gives you the green light

If you need joint replacement surgery (Hip replacement surgery or Knee Replacement surgery), you may call or book an appointment with Radiance Hospitals, Nr. Vijay Cross Road, Ahmedabad.

Written By : Dr. Apurva Vyas
Asthma in Monsoon

Monsoon must be one of the most attractive and pleasurable seasons amongst all others. The special cool winds and minute droplets of rainwater make us happy. However, even there are definite drawbacks of the monsoon season that patients face including chronic asthma and breathing issues primarily.

These problems increase in monsoon season as there are firm alterations in the atmosphere. These changes include in overall temperature and moisture ratio. Many times, this mixture intensifies the widespread as well as atypical allergic factors. So this gorgeous monsoon is not suitable for all and affects patients with asthma.

Even in the day to day practices, we see many patients complaining about added sticky as well as mucus secretions through the airways, which is the reason responsible for this moisture and humid environment in the monsoon season.

What Turns Asthma Worse in the Monsoon Season

  • The low levels of temperature
  • Higher levels of moisture and humidity
  • Rain scattered pollens
  • Higher probabilities of fungal growth
  • Transmittable viral and other infections

How to Handle Asthma in Monsoon Season

  • Staying away from the contacts of pet animals (especially for children )
  • Bleach cleaning of living places to keep away from fungal growth
  • Deep cleaning of everyday reusable stuff
  • Regular cleaning of pillow & sofa covers
  • Washing of bed sheets and blankets with warm water
  • Keeping clothes dry with exposure to suitable sunlight
  • Hand hygiene, avoiding outside water and food
  • Having a precise and balanced diet

It is not feasible to avoid windy days while the monsoon season, across the world. However, if you have the likelihood to do indoor activities or exercise inside the gym, it will lend a hand to you, and your kids breathe better as well as easier.

Moving Forward

Apart from these mentioned safety measures taken while rainy or monsoon season for asthma problems, don’t forget to take your asthma medicines on a regular basis. Keep your body warm to shun away from a cold or flu. Further, keep in mind the customary measures like use of window shades rather than curtains and maintain your home to be dust-free.

While these measures can facilitate you in handling asthma in the monsoon season, do visit a doctor for a healthier understanding or if you undergo any asthma indications or breathing allergy.

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Written By : Dr. Apurva Vyas