Bariatric surgery

The types of bariatric surgery that may be best to assist a person to lose weight. You should converse with your doctor what type of surgery might be precise for you.

Open approach and Laparoscopic Surgery

Open surgery is a good option for people having a higher level of obesity. In open bariatric surgery, surgeons make a sole, big cut in the abdomen. More frequently, surgeons now use laparoscopic surgery, in which they make numerous small cuts and slot in thin surgical tools through the cuts. Surgeons also pop in a small scope attached to a camera that captures as well as projects required images onto a video monitor.

Laparoscopic surgery has less risk than open surgery causing fewer pains and scarring as compared to open surgery. Laparoscopic surgery even leads to a swift recovery.

What are the Surgical Alternatives?

There are four kinds of operations which are described below. Let’s discuss the types of bariatric surgery.

  •       Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band
  •       Gastric bypass
  •       Gastric sleeve surgery
  •       Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch

1. Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band

In this sort of surgery, the surgeon places a ring with an inner inflatable band across the top of your stomach to generate a small pouch. This makes you feel complete after eating a smaller quantity of food. The band has a circular balloon within that is being packed with a salt solution. It is considered as the best bariatric surgery type.

The surgeon can fine-tune the size of the opening from the pouch to the stomach by putting or removing the solution by using a small device known as a port placed under your skin.

Subsequent to surgery, you will require follow-up visits to regulate the size of the band opening. If the band leads to troubles or is not enabling you to lose adequate weight, the surgeon may get rid of it.

2. Gastric Bypass

Gastric bypass surgery has two parts foremost the surgeon staples your stomach having a small pouch in the top section. The staples make your stomach small, so you eat fewer and feel packed sooner. It is one of the safest weight loss surgery.

Subsequently, the surgeon cuts your small intestine and links the lowermost part of it straight to the small stomach pouch. Food then bypasses the stomach and the high part of your small intestine so your body soaks up fewer calories.

The surgeon joins the bypassed fraction farther down to the lower part of the small intestine. This bypassed part is still linked to the major part of your stomach so that the digestive juices can move from the stomach and the foremost section into the lower section of small intestine. The bypass even alters gut hormones and gut bacteria that may affect the overall appetite and metabolism. Gastric bypass is tough to reverse, although a doctor may do it if medically crucial.

3. Gastric Sleeve

In gastric sleeve surgery, a surgeon takes out most of your stomach, leaving back a banana-shaped section that is closed with staples. It reduces food intake making you feel full sooner. Taking out a section of your stomach may even affect the gut hormones and gut bacteria that may affect body appetite and metabolism. The surgery cannot be reversed as some of the stomach is lastingly removed.

4. Duodenal Switch

This surgery is much more complicated than the others. The duodenal switch incorporates two breaks up surgeries. The foremost is similar to gastric sleeve surgery and the second one directs food to bypass the small intestine. The surgeon even attaches the bypassed part again to the last section of the small intestine, enabling digestive juices to blend with food.

This sort of surgery enables you to lose a larger amount of weight than the other three mentioned. But, this surgery is even the most likely to lead to surgery-related issues and lack of vitamins, minerals as well as the proteins in the body.

Moving Forward

Before the above surgeries, you need to meet with numerous health care providers, such as a bariatric surgeon, a dietitian, a psychiatrist, and a psychologist. These medical care providers will recommend you to turn out to be more active and have a healthy eating diet both before and after the surgery.

Written By : Dr. Apurva Vyas
Obesity Surgery

Obesity is one of the principal causes of illness and death across the world. In latest years, the number of overweight people has increased radically. Due to this reason, the World Health Organization (WHO) has named obesity an epidemic.

People who are obese are at a higher threat for severe medical conditions like heart attacks, high blood pressure, diabetes, diseases related to gallbladder and cancers.

The Major Obesity Causes

Obesity starts when your body takes more calories as compared to the amount it burns. In the earlier period, many people thought that obesity was merely originated by overeating and under-exercising, caused by a lack of willpower and less control over your selves. Even though these are major contributing factors, doctors distinguished that obesity is a composite medical crisis that involves stuff like genetic problems, environmental issues, and other social factors.

All these factors have some or the other role in influencing a person’s overall weight. Recent research shows that in several cases, definite genetic factors may cause the modification in appetite and fat metabolism that drives to obesity. For a person who is genetically leveled to overweight gain with a low level of metabolism can lead to an unhealthy lifestyle, with the higher rate of becoming obese.

Behavioral and Environmental Factors Influencing Obesity

Even though a person’s genetic constitute may add to obesity, it’s not the prime cause. The behavioral and environmental factors also have an influence in taking up excess calories from higher fat foods and doing less or no day to day physical activities over the long run will steer to increase in weight. Psychological factors may even increase obesity. Low level of self-esteem, emotional stress, guilt, or trauma can increase overeating as a means to deal with the setbacks.

Some medical scenarios like binge eating disorder (BED), polycystic ovary syndrome and Cushing’s disease can even lead to weight increase and obesity. A BED is an eating chaos where a person has repeated episodes of eating. During these time periods, the person eats a large amount of food rapidly and be short of control over this eating habits.

The Symptoms and Complications

Prostate and bowel cancer in men, breast and uterine cancer in women and stroke in both cases are certain risks involving diseases. The health risks allied with obesity include:

  • Breathing disorders
  • Sleep apnea
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Depression and diabetes
  • Gallbladder or liver disease
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • High blood pressure and cholesterol
  • The Joint disease like Osteoarthritis
  • Joint pain in the knees and lower back

The more obese a person is, the more likely they are to have health issues in relation to obesity. Aside from the medical worries, obesity is also correlated to psychosocial troubles such as lower self-esteem, discrimination, complicatedness finding employment, and compact quality of life.

Treatment and Prevention of Obesity

Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference, obesity surgery are some of the ways for diagnosis of obesity. The objective of obesity treatments is to arrive at and remain at a healthy weight. When you observe the warning signs of obesity, you may require working with a team of health professionals comprising a dietician, behavior or obesity counselors to assist you to understand and make modifications in the eating and goings-on habits.

The preliminary treatment aim is more often than not a modest weight loss of 4 to 6 percent of your overall weight. That means that if you weigh 90 kg and are obese by standards, you would require losing around 4.5 kg for your health to commence to improve. However, the further weight you lose, the superior the benefits.

Moving Forward

We hope the mentioned obesity symptoms and treatment would help you control Obesity at early stages. All weight-loss programs necessitate alterations in your eating schedules and increase the physical activities. The treatment process those are precise for you depend on your stage of obesity, on the whole, health status and your keenness to chip in your weight-loss plan.

Written By : Dr. Apurva Vyas